Links to Relevant Resources

Here are some other websites that would be of interest to the Friends of Field Pond:

Policy on Lake and Pond Management
The Commonwealth of Massachusetts Water Resources Commission
Effective Date: June 13, 1994

Massachusetts Aquatic Invasive Species Management Plan
Massachusetts Aquatic Invasive Species Working Group
Prepared by the Massachusetts Office of Coastal Zone Management 7/02
Mass Association of Conservation Commission page on invasive plants.
PDF - Guidance for Aquatic Plant Management in Lakes and Ponds. Cursory guide, from the perspective of the wetlands protection act.
PDF - Mass Aquatic Invasive Species (AIS) Management Plan. Broad overview of the various efforts to control AIS in MA. Nothing specific to milfoil. 2000
MA AIS Implementation table - spreadsheet. Shows the plans of various groups during the 2000-2003 time. Mostly interesting to show how many groups were involved back then.

Lakes and Ponds Program
Massachusetts Department of Conservation and Recreation
Managing Aquatic Invasive Species in the Waters of the Commonwealth - A Report to the Legislature
The 'Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force' is an intergovernmental organization dedicated to preventing and controlling aquatic nuisance species, and implementing the Nonindigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control Act (NANPCA) of 1990.

Martins Pond Association
Martins Pond, in North Reading, is where the Field Pond watershed flows. To some extent, our problems are their problems. This website is for their neighborhood association.

Martins Pond Environmental Studies
This page lists various reports conducted over the years concerning environmental management of Martins Pond.

Martins Pond Assessment Study
This 40 page report by Merrimack College and environmental engineers details the problems and proposed solutions for water quality issues at Martins Pond.

Martins Pond Diagnostic Feasibility Study
This huge report (over 200 pages) by a Merrimack College biology professor and his students describes over 30 years of efforts to improve the water quality of Martins Pond, in North Reading. It is an exhaustive study. Among other things, the report points to Skug River as a source of the high phosphorus which promotes eutrophication of the pond. It is very relevant background reading for our Field Pond study.

Martins Pond Diagnostic Feasibility Study - Executive Summary
This is just the executive summary of the above report. Great picture of the Martins Pond watershed (of which Field Pond watershed is a large portion).

Ipswich River Watershed Association website
Includes links to many fine resources, such as the river’s management plan.

Warner’s Pond Stewardship Committee
This is another example of community pond management, on the town of Concord’s website. They also have a 10-page Management Plan.
Thompson Lake (ME) effort to control VWM.
Lake Fairlee citizens group to control EWM
Lake Minnetonka Conservation District page on EVM. It is interesting to note that their experience is that the natural (uncontrolled) progression of the plant goes up and down, and doesn't cover the entire lake. It has appeared in some parts and not others over a long period of time.
Squam Lakes (NH) citizen group battling VWM using mechanical harvesting.
Maine Lakes Environmental Association - a citizen-based group to control VWM in the Lakes Region, ME
USDA page on Eurasian Water Milfoil - lots of links

Vermont State Milfoil Page
Vt has only recently discovered VM invasives.
NH exotic species program
NH Water Management Plans
ME Invasive species program
Link to Maine's guide for managing aquatic invasives
University of Florida Center for Aquatic and Invasive Plants
Limited info on Variable Milfoil
Univ. Washington invasive plants page on Eurasian Water milfoil
Wisconsin aquatic plant management. Some info on Eurasian Watermilfoil
Links to good PDFs on testing protocols
National Organization on Invasive Species - nothing specific
Long list of references regarding EWM.

Environmental Factors and their Consideration in the Management of Submerged Aquatic Vegitation - A Review (1986)
Evaluation of Aquatic Herbicides for Selective Control of Variable Milfoil. Comprehensive review done for NH in 2007, with extensive references.
Control of Variable Watermilfoil in Bashan Lake, CT with 2,4-D: Monitoring of Lake and Well Water.
Effects of Triclopyr on Variable-Leaf Watermilfoil
Comparison of Three Physical Management Techniques for Controlling Variable-leaf Milfoil in Maine Lakes
Control of Cabomba and Eurasian Milfoil in Lake Quonnipaug with Fluridone and 2, 4-D
The relative importance of local conditions and regional processes in structuring aquatic plant communities
Species richness of both native and invasive aquatic plants influenced by environmental conditions and human activity
Distribution, Growth, and Phosphorus Relationships of Water Milfoil in Lake Winnipesaukee, NH (1979)
Invasive Aquatic Invasion: The Spread of Variable Leaf Milfoil in Maine
A field evaluation of the efficacy of varying doses of 2, 4-D BEE on variable milfoil in New Hampshire Lakes
Response of Myriophyllum heterophyllum and non-target plants in Lake Winnisquam to three different herbicides
Efficacy of Fluridone, Penoxsulam, and Bispyribac-sodium on Variable-leaf Milfoil
Ten Years of Variable Water Milfoil Control in Bashan Lake - What Have We Learned?
Control of Aquatic Weeds in Lake Quonnipaug
Aquatic Weed Control in the United States. Interesting paper on the state of the art in the late 60s!
Bibliography of Invasive Species Guides and resources

Industry links
The "Aquatic Ecosystem Restoration Foundation" (AERF) is a non-profit organization to support R&D for aquatic weed control. They put out a 'Best Management Practices' manual ( and that manual and other links on the site are widely referenced from other sites. This organization appears to be more of an industry association for the chemical companies, as the president and every director are from the chemical industry. ( As of 6/2011, The president is from Valent ( and the board is comprised of:

These companies are the major players in aquatic weed control herbicides.
Northeast Aquatic Plant Management Society - another consortium of industry professionals.

Please email info (at) fieldpond (dot) org if you know of other links which should be posted here.